Insecurity and conflicts in remote areas forced masses of people in Afghanistan to leave their homes and settle down in cities. The displaced people have started illegally housing in unplanned areas due to unavailability of their own properties. Recent survey shows, the living condition of the displaced people is so bad and are deprived of luxury life.
The Programme for Registration of Urban Informal Settlement (PRUIS) came into exist for the purpose of protection of property in informal settlement, investment over informal settlement, other economic activities, promoting the culture of urbanization, raising of national revenues and giving occupancy certificate to the residents of the informal areas.
The overall purpose of the programme is to improve stability, growth of urban economic, build up the relations between public and the state, improve the land management process and provide better urban services by registering the unplanned areas of the cities and in initial phase, distributing property certificates to the residents of eight big cities of the country.
The Programme for Registration of Urban Informal Settlement (PRUIS) is one of the priority of Afghanistan Land Authority – ARAZI. In first phase, the program is implemented in Kabul, Herat, Kandahar, Balkh, Nangarhar, Farah, Bamyan and Daykundi provinces by UN-Habitat.
The practical work of this program has begun in the middle of 2017. So far more than 400,000 homes have been surveyed and it plans to begin the registration and survey process and process of distribution of the property of 733,000 homes by the end of 2018.
The results after the implementation of the programme:
Afghanistan Land Authority – ARAZI with the coordination of Ministry of Justice prepared a regulation for registration of urban informal settlement, approved by the cabinet and will be signed by H.E President Muhammad Ashraf Ghani in near future.